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17 Aug 2016
Mount Rinjani (Gunung Rinjani) can be an active volcano as well as a park in Lombok and one in the largest mountains in Indonesia. With a clear day you can observe breathtaking views from the summit. The trek to the summit normally takes around three days and highlights are the crater lake Segara Anak, as well as the natural hot springs there.

Mount Rinjani Trekking Gude



At 3,726 m, Rinjani may be the next to the highest volcano in Indonesia, second simply to Mount Kerinci on Sumatra, and yes it dominates the landscape in the relatively small island of Lombok.



Within its huge 50 km² caldera sits the crater lake Segara Anak (Child from the Sea). Eruptions inside caldera have formed a whole new small cone called appropriately enough, Gunung Barujari (New-finger Mountain).



The mountain and its satellites make up the Mount Rinjani National Park officially Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani with 41,000 hectares inside the park boundaries and a further 66,000 hectares of protected forest outside.



In 2008, the Indonesian government proposed to UNESCO that Mount Rinjani be one of the world's official geoparks. If this type of was approved by UNESCO, Mount Rinjani would ended up being the first such geological park in Indonesia.



This can be a very active volcano. The oldest recorded historical eruption what food was in 1847. Previous to until this was obviously a very remote region indeed, which means the insufficient records. However, approximately in 1257 the volcano erupted so violently the reason is shape changed as to the it appears as if today and the event is considered to possess caused the beginning of the tiny Ice Age. There was a spate of activity from 1994 to 1995 which triggered the further development of the crater cone Gunung Baru, since renamed Gunung Barujari (New-finger Mountain).



On 27 April 2009 Gunung Barujari became active again with that activity continuing by way of May 2009. The summit ascent routes were closed at that time because eruptions intensified with plumes of smoke and ash of up to 8,000 m. A Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI):2 rating was issued to the activity between May and December 2009. The ascent routes re-opened on September 14th 2009 but hiking routes on to the crater lake were still deemed unsafe and remained closed.



In February 2010 observers on the Gunung Rinjani Observation Post detected a smoke plume that rose 100 m from the volcano. The adventure noisy . 2010 is centred about Gunung Barujari. On May 1st 2010 a column of smoke was again observed rising from Rinjani issuing eruptions 1,300-1,600 metres tall with thick brown color and powerful pressure. On May 5th 2010 a potential ash plume rose with an altitude of 5.5 km (18,000 ft) and drifted 150 km NW. Accordingly the middle of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation advised that intermittent activity could produce ash plumes to at least one,500 m (5,000 ft) across the caldera. Considering this The Volcanic Explosivity Index Alert Level grew up to two using a recommendation there be no activity in just a radius of four km through the eruption at Gunung Barujari.



Rinjani erupted three further times on 23 May 2010 with activity continuing until 24 May 2010. In line with the volcano's official monitoring agency, ash from Mount Barujari was reported as rising up to 2 km into the atmosphere and damaged crops. Lava flowed in the caldera lake, pushing its temperature up from 21°C to 35°C, while smoke spread 12 km. The volcano did not directly threaten villagers during one of the eruptive activity during the early 2010 however access to some parts of the mountain was officially closed or restricted at sometimes.



After these events, the next lots of major activity has occurred in November 2015. The November 2015 eruptions have forced closure of Ngurah Rai airport in Bali, and disrupted international flights interior and exterior Bali.



The bottom and mid amounts of the mountain are very heavily forested. Across the tree line though the slopes are barren and rugged scree slopes and volcanic rock. The views of the crater lake may be breath-taking in the caldera rim, as is the sunrise. Through the absolute peak you can view Bali towards the west and Sumbawa for the east.



The lower and middle elevation slopes are densely forested with typical tropical species. Fig trees are especially apparent. Casuarina forest (cemara) starts higher and ultimately these give way with an alpine flora above the treeline.



Lombok is east of the Wallacean Line and some Australian bird species therefore are apparent. Such as lots of sulphur crested cockatoos and green hanging parrots. Bird life's generally challenging to observe here though due to density in the forest.



The familiar long-tailed grey macaque (the Bali temple monkey) is common up to the crater rim. And also the rare ebony leaf monkey inhabit these forests. Rusa deer and muntjacs will be more often heard than seen.



Rinjani is best climbed during the April-November dry season. You'll be able to climb throughout the rainy season as well but treks tend to be cancelled at short notice when the rain is heavy.



It gets cold for the mountain above 2,000 m and nears freezing on the summit. Warm garments are mandatory.



Most visitors arrive through village of Senaru (600 m), for the northern side with the mountain thereby better the principle resort areas of free coast including Senggigi. The other possible entry point is Sembalun Lawang (1,150 m), about the eastern side, that's better the summit. Both villages are accessed in the main north coast road.

Mount Rinjani Trekking Gude



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